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Database as a Service using Enterprise Manager – Part XIV

Jul 11, 2018 8:50:25 AM by Porus Homi Havewala

In this article series, we are exploring the capabilities of Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 13c for the private Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) cloud – including the setup of such a cloud. In the previous parts, we started the setup of the private DBaaS cloud, including the configuration of the self-service portal. The full procedure includes setting up the Enterprise Manager software library, creating the PaaS infrastructure zones, database pools, and quotas for the users, service templates, and optionally chargeback plans to apply to the users for cloud allocation and cloud usage.

We configured the software library, set up the Enterprise Manager self update system, and downloaded the latest plug-ins from the external Enterprise Manager store. We created a custom cloud role in Enterprise Manager, and a Cloud SSA user named as "SAI_DAS". Next, we created a PaaS Infrastructure Zone named as “Sainath_PaaS_Zone”, a group of hosts that will be used for Database as a Service. Members (hosts) were added to the PaaS Infrastructure Zone.

After the PaaS Zone, a new database pool was created – a group of database servers where the database software had been pre-installed, with all servers in the pool belonging to the same platform as well as the same database version. Next, we added our Oracle Home targets to the Pool, with each Oracle Home target belonging only to a single database pool. The Placement Policy Constraint “Maximum number of Database Instances per host” was set at 10 instances.

After the database pool was created, we entered the quotas for the role selected. The Quotas page allows the SSA Administrator to configure the total amount of resources which are allocated to the self-service user via the role. Quotas are an important aspect of the cloud and are required in order to control the usage of the self-service cloud. For example, the memory quota can be 16GB, the storage quota as 100GB, and we will allow the SSA user to create 10 databases, 50 schemas or 25 PDBs. This is the total amount of resources that can be utilized by any SSA user to whom the custom role is assigned.

Next, we selected Data Sources from the left panel, and on the page that appears, clicked on the Data Profiles tab and created a new profile. In the creation wizard that started, we selected the Reference target as the “saiprod” database. This is the production database that will be used as the master source. We chose to include “Data Content” and “Structure and Data” by creating an RMAN backup from the source database. The profile will be used for the Database-as-a-Service functionality. You can set the schedule to repeat the profile creation at an interval; this means a new backup will be taken repeatedly, and can be selected by the self-service user.

We then started to create a new database profile to be used for the Snap Clone functionality. We clicked on “Create” in the Data Profiles tab and specified the reference target again as the “saiprod” database, and included the “Structure and Data” by including an “RMAN Database Image” for this new profile, instead of an RMAN backup. This profile will be used for the Database-as-a-Service functionality using the Snap Clone functionality. If the production data has changed, the cloud administrator can click on “Refresh Profile” at any time after the profile creation; this will create a new RMAN Datafile Image backup.

The next step was to create Service Templates for the database cloud, which can then be used by the SSA User to provision databases in the pool. The profiles created in the previous section are like gold copies of an Oracle database, and they are used by service templates. The service template is what is offered to the SSA user and forms the basis of the functionality of the cloud. However, before a service template can be created, we had to set up multiple “Database Sizes”. These will be used to override the initialization parameter values in the service template once associated with that template. We used the create_database_size verb (explained in the EMCLI [Enterprise Manager Command Line Interface] documentation) to specify multiple database sizes.

Next, we started to create the service templates by selecting Setup | Cloud | Database and then service templates in the left pane, followed by clicking on the Create button. We named the service template as “Sainath 11204 Single Instance Database”. Under the Source Identification section, we selected the Create Database as “Using Profile” and then from the list of profiles, we selected the appropriate profile that was created with an RMAN full backup. This profile with its reference information is now associated with the service template you are creating. If the profile contains data, the data will also be copied when the service template is executed.

As the Profile Version, we selected “Selected by user at request time”. This will allow the SSA user to select any of the available RMAN backups that have been created by refreshing the profile. If “Latest” had been selected on this screen, only the latest backup would be available to the SSA user.

The other options for Create Database, besides “Using Profile”, are “Using existing Database” and “Using Test Master Snapshot”. Test Master Snapshots are a snapshot of an RMAN image backup from a production database. Test Master Snapshots are new in Enterprise Manager 13.1, and can be used to create snap clones. However, these require special storage hardware such as NetApp Storage Appliance, Sun ZFS Storage Appliance, EMC Storage Array, or even the Solaris File System (ZFS). Note that the dNFS file system and CloneDB cannot be used for Test Master Snapshots.

Now, select Single instance under the Database Definition. In our case, we specify the SID prefix as “sai” (up to six letters are allowed) and the domain name as “”. This can be defined as per company standards, or you may allow the SSA user to specify the prefix at request time. The domain name can be kept unlocked (the default), or by clicking on the lock icon, you can prevent the SSA user from changing the domain name at request time.

You can also select “Enable Standby Database” for this service template, provided you have already set up the infrastructure for this, and have a standby database pool of servers that you can select at this stage.

Under the section “Pools and Zones”, click on Add and select the previously created “Sainath_PaaS_Zone”. Then, click on “Assign Pool” and select “Sainath_Database11204_Pool” to be assigned to this zone. The self-service databases will be created in this pool.

Multiple zones and pools can be added in this way, but they must all have similar characteristics to the profile that you specified for the service template. For example, all the database pools you select must consist of Oracle Homes, if your profile is using that version.

We will continue in the next part of this article series.


Tags: Oracle DBaaS

Porus Homi Havewala

Written by Porus Homi Havewala

Porus Homi Havewala is a Double Oracle Certified Master (OCM) in 11g and 10g. He was awarded the prestigious "Oracle ACE Director" title by Oracle USA in 2008. He worked as the Strategic Program Advisor at Oracle Corporation Singapore, and is a regional SME on Oracle Enterprise Manager technology, specifically concentrating on private/hybrid Database cloud capabilities on Oracle systems.

Porus has worked prominently for a number of years at the largest telecommunications company Telstra in Australia, where he personally set up and managed the first production Enterprise Manager Grid Control 10g project in the world in the early 2000s, controlling thousands of Data Center targets with multiple Administrator teams around Australia. He has 26+ years of experience in the IT industry, and 18+ years of experience with Oracle Technology, including as an Oracle Developer and Oracle Senior DBA.

He is the creator and manager of the Enterprise Manager blog with Oracle Press Credentials, the Clouds and Databases blog, and the "Oracle Senior DBA" group on with 61,000+ members. Porus is the author of thirteen published technical articles and three white papers on Enterprise Manager in the Oracle Technical Network (OTN), and has authored a number of Enterprise Manager Books. He started his technical writing with a book on Microsoft Foxpro as early as 1994. His recent Enterprise Manager books are as follows: Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c: Managing Data Center Chaos published by PACKT Publishing, and the latest book Oracle Database Cloud Cookbook with Oracle Enterprise Manager 13c Cloud Control published by Oracle Press.

Dedication: I dedicate my pen and all its output to my beloved parents in heaven, they are the ones that have taught me the good values in life.

Disclaimer: My writings in blog entries, articles or books express my views and opinions in my personal capacity and not that of Oracle Corporation.